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Sunday, April 26, 2020 | History

4 edition of effect of weather on Soviet wheat production found in the catalog.

effect of weather on Soviet wheat production

R. Robert Rapp

effect of weather on Soviet wheat production

  • 369 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by Rand in Santa Monica, CA .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Soviet Union.
    • Subjects:
    • Wheat -- Climatic factors -- Soviet Union.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementR. Robert Rapp ; prepared for the Director of Net Assessment, Office of the Secretary of Defense.
      Series[Report] - The Rand Corporation ; R-2614-NA
      ContributionsUnited States. Dept. of Defense. Director of Net Assessment.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsAS36 .R3 R-2614, SB191.W5 .R3 R-2614
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxv, 70 p. :
      Number of Pages70
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4113279M
      ISBN 100833002910
      LC Control Number80028393

        India is also likely to have produced a record wheat crop this year, with Indian wheat production surpassing the prior record, set in The USDA explicitly credits favorable weather conditions. Weather Effects on Crop Yields Yield Trends It is suggested that you watch Video 01A and complete the exercise in the video before continuing with the lesson. Podcast Version Full Podcast List Overview The primary concern in this discussion is the influence of weather on crops and on crop production. Weather isFile Size: 1MB. Exploring the impacts of climate change on agriculture is one of important topics with respect to climate change. We quantitatively examined the impacts of climate change on winter wheat yield in Northern China using the Cobb–Douglas production function. Utilizing time-series data of agricultural production and meteorological observations from to , the impacts of Author: Xiu Geng, Fang Wang, Wei Ren, Zhixin Hao. Milk production has jumped almost 60 percent in twenty years so that today the USSR is by far the largest milk-producing country in the world. According to the CIA report on the Soviet economy "The Soviet Union remains basically self-sufficient with respect to food.".


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effect of weather on Soviet wheat production by R. Robert Rapp Download PDF EPUB FB2

Effect of weather on Soviet wheat production. Santa Monica, CA: Rand, [] (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: R Robert Rapp; United States.

Department of Defense. Director of Net Assessment. To estimate the effect of climate on Soviet wheat production, this study devises formulas that calculate variability of wheat production in three major areas: Southwest Ukraine, South Ukraine, and Kazakhstan-West Siberia.

Weather conditions in these three areas have a major influence on the total production of wheat in the USSR. Title: The Effect of Weather on Soviet Wheat Production Author: R. Robert Rapp Subject: To estimate the effect of climate on Soviet wheat production, this study devises formulas that calculate variability of wheat production in three major areas: Southwest Ukraine, South Ukraine, and Kazakhstan-West Siberia.

Cool weekend temperatures have prompted some concern about possible injury to the wheat crop. The effect of cold weather depends on the wheat growth stage.

Maximum resistance to cold weather occurs in December-February. As wheat greens-up, the plant becomes less tolerant of freezing temperatures. Agriculture in the Soviet Union was mostly collectivized, with some limited cultivation of private is often viewed as one of the more inefficient sectors of the economy of the Soviet Union.A number of food taxes (prodrazverstka, prodnalog, and others) were introduced in the early Soviet period despite the Decree on Land that immediately followed the October Revolution.

When analyzing the development of Soviet agriculture it should be borne in mind that Russia is comparatively poorly endowed in terms of agricultural land and climate and that, under any system of farming, agricultural productivity would be appreciably lower than, for example, that of the United States or Western Europe.

Russian farming is characterized by its. Wheat yield dynamic in Canada, USA, Russia and Kazakhstan from till was related to air temperature and precipitation during wheat season to evaluate the effects of climate change. The study used yield data from the provinces, states and regions and average yield from 19 spring wheat breeding/research sites.

Both at production and research sites grain yield in Cited by: 1. Wheat ranks third among Effect of weather on Soviet wheat production book.

field crops in planted acreage, production, and gross farm receipts, behind corn and soybeans. In /17 U.S. farmers produced a total of billion bushels of winter, other spring, and durum wheat on million acres of cropland. U.S. wheat planted area for /18 is projected at 46 million acres, a record.

Wheat is a key global commodity in terms of acreage and tradeable value and as a staple in household diets. Many factors affect wheat prices including climate, yields, oil prices, lagged prices, and imports.

In addition to gradually and consistently increasing global wheat demand, these market drivers are posited to impact world prices and, ultimately, food by: Table 54 Estimates for grain production in the USSR between and millions of tons.

Losses of working cattle had an adverse effect on Soviet agriculture. From this point of view the most significant impact was the decline in the number of horses, which were the main draught animals in peasant agriculture. Wheat had been sown for. The effect could be worse on warmer countries.

Smallholder farmers in African nations and India, who are largely responsible for wheat production, will bear the brunt in such a scenario.

The study estimates about % yield declines per 1 C of global temperature increase in India. Russian wheat area and 52% of total wheat production in Russia. During that period, the average harvested yields were and to ns per hectare for spring and winter wheat, respectively.

will increase total crop production, but the food and environmental quality may degrade. Tack et al. () used a unique data set that cobines Kansas wheat variety field trial outcomes for – with locational weather data to analyze the effect of weather on wheat yield using regression Size: KB.

JRC scientists have proposed a new approach for identifying the impacts of climate change and extreme weather on the variability of global. Wheat can have a negative effect for people who are sensitive to gluten, a protein found not only in wheat, but also in rye, barley and cross-contaminated oats.

According to the University of Maryland Center for Celiac Research, about 1 percent of Americans have celiac disease, characterized by abdominal cramping, bloating, diarrhea. The s crisis actually was set up inwhen the former Soviet Union made secret deals with five American grain companies to purchase million tons of.

InKansas production generated million bushels of wheat at a value of billion US dollars. Kansas production value represents 15% of all wheat grown in the United States.

Our empirical approach uses data that combine variety-specific wheat yield observations with weather data from the exact location of the field by: Wheat is produced in almost every state in the United States, and is the principal cereal grain grown in the country.

The type and quantity vary between regions. The US is ranked third in production volume of wheat, with almost 58 million tons produced in the – growing season, behind only China and India (But the combined production of all European Union.

the Soviet Union about million bushels of wheat for approximately $ million, more than the total U.S. commercial wheat exports for the year beginning in July The sales were equivalent to 30 percent of average annual U.S. wheat production during the previous five years and more than 80 percent of theFile Size: 1MB.

feed grain production. This requires Russian wheat breeders to focus principally on yield rather than grain functionality and quality. Russia’s supply chain costs for exported wheat are approximately AU$56 per tonne, 32 per cent of the Russian wheat FOB price.

Russia’s farm costs of export wheat production are approximately AU$ per tonne. The Christian Science Monitor is an international news organization that delivers thoughtful, global coverage via its website, weekly magazine, online daily edition, and email : Jonathan Harsch. The study uses the Vector Auto Regression (VAR) model to evaluate the impact of global climate change on the production of wheat in Pakistan.

The study considers annual data from to. AgResource experts Dan Basse and Ben Buckner discuss wheat growth and weather in the northern hemisphere.

Watch further to see how that impacts your crop prices. level of grain production in the USSR is estimated and prospective tion for the next year, the next several years, and in the near future" is projected.

The compatibility of probable future grain supplies and requirements in the USSR is discussed. Key words: Soviet grain production, statistical models, climate and weather.

This is the latest in a string of problems for this year's wheat production in most of the major grain-producing countries in the former Soviet Union. Traditionally, grain producers in this region act conservatively when production is hampered, as they did in the second half of when they cut off all grain exports.

Growing a healthy, high yielding wheat crop takes years to master and requires hard work and commitment. Climate change brings on a series of problems, and a quality drought-resistant variety that is resistant to pests and diseases is a year period, Kansas State University examined wheat variety yield data from performance tests, along with Author: David Ekstrom.

The total Soviet, area in crops has averaged million acres in recent years. This is made up of about million planted in the autumn—the so‐called. As a result, we’ve seen a dramatic increase in wheat production over the decade.

A decade ago, back in the /07 marketing year, the USDA projected that Russian wheat production would hit nearly 45 million metric tonnes. In Julythe USDA projected that the country would produce million metric tonnes for the /17 marketing year.

in global wheat consumption reached to 2% [4]. Wheat is the most important of cereal crop in Arabic consumption pattern in general [5]. In spite of the wide-spread interesting of storing food for long periods but it has not been studied storage wheat flour in the long term in a wide range, especially when change and modify storage conditions [6].File Size: KB.

Climate change may dramatically reduce wheat production, study shows Date: Febru Source: Kansas State University Summary: In the coming decades, at least one-quarter of the world's. Introduction.

In the recent years, visible changes in temperature and rainfall in both the global and regional aspects were known as climate change phenomenon in terms of amount and time of occurrence and consequently have exerted different impacts on the inputs and agricultural production ().Researchers of the related sciences have disagreements in the area of causes Cited by:   Study finds climate change may dramatically reduce wheat production Wednesday, Feb.

18, MANHATTAN — A recent study involving Kansas State University researchers finds that in the coming decades at least one-quarter of the world's wheat traded will be lost to extreme weather from climate change if no adaptive measures are taken.

Russia's major wheat-producing region of Rostov, in the south, risks falling as much as 20% short of harvest targets if it fails to receive enough rain in the coming weeks. The head of operations. Wheat has been cultivated for over 5, years and probably originates in the Fertile Crescent, along with other staple crops.

A wide range of wheat products are made by humans, including most famously flour, which is made from the grain itself. Today, wheat is a grass that grows between two and four feet (½ to 1 ¼ meters) tall. A recent study involving Kansas State University researchers finds that in the coming decades at least one-quarter of the world's wheat production will be lost to extreme weather from climate.

Climate and weather influence crop production in different ways. If a weather event that is fatal to crops takes place during the crop growth period, an indicator of the impact of the fatal event may be more relevant than that of growing-season mean climate to explain variations in crop production in that year.

For example, the Missouri floods Cited by:   2. Methods. We used a crop simulation model to predict the impact of climate change on wheat. Eighteen sites in England and Wales were selected for in-depth analysis (the site locations with soil available water capacity (AWC) are given in figure 1 of the electronic supplementary material).Cited by: According to the report, “world wheat production is now pegged at million tons, 8 million tons higher than anticipated in June, but still slightly below the record.” Forecasts of global rice production in have been increased by million tons since last month to million tons.

A new report from the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) projected that world wheat production for the /17 year would hit million tons, nearly million of which.

ARC expects US wheat futures to stabilize at/above $ KC July, until more is known about Northern Hemisphere wheat crops. Russian production is being closely scrutinized as old crop supplies near ports are depleted, and as weather has been different (drier/warmer) than recent years.

Much of the trade views the USDA’s first ‘18 Russian production. That would push production percent above the previous all-time high ina year before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan under leader Leonid Brezhnev. “Weather conditions this year have. The data envelopment analysis method was used to identify the attainable regional production among seasons having a total rainfall over mm.

Results showed that yields of bread wheat, durum wheat and barley decreased, respectively, by, and t ha −1 for each °C-day increase in STx, over the – period. An Cited by: 2.Russian Grain Area Growth Russian wheat area to be 7% higher than and is the 5th consecutive year of annual growth.

This represents the largest area since The total area sown to grain & oilseed crops inFile Size: 2MB.